Health in a Nano

in West Virginia

Doctor Pam

Dr. Pam — Health Care Law Attorneys in Charleston, WV
Nearly half of all medical care in the U.S. is delivered in hospital emergency departments. The most significant number of ER visits are associated with patients without health insurance and those on Medicaid and Medicare.

The main reason the high number of ER visits are for non-urgent conditions is that hospital ERs are required by federal law to provide care to all patients, regardless of their ability to pay. Since patients cannot be turned away, those without insurance, or the necessary funds to pay out-of-pocket costs, often utilize emergency rooms as their main provider.
Emergency — Health Care Law Attorneys in Charleston, WV
It is estimated that more than $18 billion could be saved annually if non-urgent patients were to take advantage of primary or preventive health care and not rely on ERs for their medical care. According to the New England Health Institute, 66% of ER visits were entirely avoidable. The decision to receive treatment at the ER is one of many reasons why Americans spent $3 trillion on healthcare in 2014.

Approximately 87% of Americans are insured, but many are in high-deductible plans, which can require patients to pay an average of $1,217 to $4000 for families of four before insurance kicks in. If the patient chooses an out-of-network hospital, the patient may be required to pay the entire costs. The uninsured are forced to pay the whole bill out of pocket.

The number one cause of bankruptcy in the U.S. is medical debt. No one should be sick because they are poor or poor because they are sick!


Young football players, aged 9 to 11, are more likely to experience brain-jarring hits to the head if they are part of a team’s running and passing game or a fast-moving defender. High-magnitude impacts (greater than 40 times the force of gravity) more often involve positions such as quarterback, running back and linebacker. These players experience nearly twice the number of severe head injuries as a lineman. About 8% of the head impacts that occur during youth play and practice are considered hard enough to be classified as high-magnitude. Dr. David Dodrick, professor of neurology at the Mayo Clinic in Arizona, states that high-magnitude impacts are “equivalent to getting punched in the head by a boxer.” “We are seeing evidence that the younger you expose kids to that kind of contact, the more likely it is they will have both psychiatric and neurological consequences down the road.” These children have developing brains and are
constantly forming new connections in their brains. Disrupted connections result in consequences for the players. Removing tackling would dramatically reduce the risk of severe injury to the players. According to pediatrician Dr. William Meehan, “parents and players will need to decide whether the health risks associated with tackling are outweighed by the recreational benefits of the game.”
The situation is also dire for junior high and high school players. According to the Journal of the American Medical Association, teenagers with a history of concussions are more than three times as likely to suffer from depression as teens who have never had a concussion and are more likely to develop ADHD. Teenagers who have suffered traumatic brain injury such as a concussion have a significantly higher risk of attempting suicide, being bullied, becoming bullies themselves, using alcohol or marijuana, engaging in antisocial behavior, being prescribed anxiety and depression medication and seeking help for mental health issues from crisis help lines.
Playing Football — Health Care Law Attorneys in Charleston, WV


Yoga — Health Care Law Attorneys in Charleston, WV
Both yoga and aerobic exercise offer significant health benefits including improved muscle tone decreased body fat and improved mental outlook. When compared to four key fitness categories, aerobic exercise outperforms yoga.
Fat loss occurs when more calories are expended than consumed. Aerobic exercise burns around 600 calories in one hour. A yoga class of moderate intensity burns about 350 calories. However, calories burned do not tell the whole story. The gain in lean muscle from yoga practice yields a slight improvement in basal metabolic rate. Nevertheless, when exercising five days a week for one hour, running has the potential to burn off three pounds more than yoga over the course of eight weeks, but when comparing strength and endurance, yoga is the winner.
However, a combination of the two is dynamite! Combined yoga and aerobic exercise reduces mental, physical, and vascular stress and can lead to decreased cardiovascular mortality and morbidity.


Most information about the human papillomavirus (HPV) centers on women since having the virus increases their risk of developing cervical cancer. But HPV causes men to develop health problems too! More than half of men who are sexually active will have HPV at some point in their lifetime. Often, a man will clear the virus on his own, with no health problems, but sometimes the immune system is unable to eliminate the virus.

Eleven million American men are infected with oral HPV, which can lead to cancers of the head, neck, and throat. That equates to 1 in 9 U.S. males aged 18-69. Some guys are at a higher risk than other. Black men, plus guys who smoked more than 20 cigarettes a day, currently use marijuana and reported 16 or more vaginal or oral sex partners in their lifetime had the greatest chance of a high-risk oral HPV infection. Plus, men who already have genital HPV were four times more likely to also have an oral infection as opposed to guys who did not. By 2020, there will be more HPV-positive oral cancers among men than cervical cancers among women. There is currently no way to screen for oral HPV.

There is an effective HPV vaccine for both boys and girls, but the number of young men who receive the shot – 35% in 2014 – is much lower than young women at 57%. The CDC currently recommends men receive the vaccine through the age of 21, while men who have sex with men should extend that to age 26. However, since the average age of the most at-risk men is 26, they are too old for the vaccine or have already been exposed to HPV in their lives.
Early detection and prevention are critical. Practicing safe sex is essential as well as limiting your number of sexual partners.
Oral HPV — Health Care Law Attorneys in Charleston, WV